What is knee pain? Causes and symptoms

What is knee pain Causes and symptoms 1

Knee pain is a common condition in many people with different degrees of disease. Knee pain can be persistent and long-lasting, significantly affecting the quality of daily life.

Understanding the characteristics of knee pain will help us be more proactive in prevention and treatment. This reduces the risk of the disease getting worse.

Common symptoms of knee pain

Knee pain is the most common condition in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. The symptoms of knee pain are often persistent and long-lasting and progress very slowly. Usually, knee pain often occurs every morning after waking up and when the weather changes, climbing stairs, exercising vigorously, standing in one place for too long.

In addition, people with knee pain may also experience other symptoms such as:

  • Stiffness: Usually occurs after a long period of inactivity or in the morning upon waking.
  • Reduced range of motion in the knee joint: You often have difficulty extending or flexing your knee.
  • The skin around the soft tissue that surrounds the inflamed joints.
  • There is a crackling sound every time the joint is moved.
  • Deformed knee joint: Usually occurs in the late stage.

Causes of knee pain

It can be said that the knee joint is a complex structure consisting of tendons including three main bones, cartilage and ligaments. Therefore, knee pain may be related to injury or disease associated with one of these structures.
Accordingly, some of the causes of knee pain are:
Injured knee joint
What is knee pain Causes and symptoms 2
Knee injuries often affect the cartilage, tendons and ligaments in the knee area and cause knee pain. Some injuries to the knee joint include:
  • Fracture: The knee bone consists of the shin bone, femur, and patella. In some cases, the kneecap at the knee will crack and break in an accident. Not only that, people with weak bones and osteoporosis can also break their knees if they walk in the wrong position.
  • Knee Dislocation: This is a condition in which the patella in the knee joint slips out of its original position and causes joint pain.
  • Patellar Tendonitis: Tendonitis is a condition in which one or more tendons in the knee joint become inflamed and cause pain. This condition is common in cyclists, runners or people who participate in sports such as long jump, high jump.
Knee arthritis
What is knee pain Causes and symptoms 4
Usually, there are many different types of arthritis that affect the 2 joints of the knee, the most common are:
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is the wear and tear of cartilage around the knee as the body ages. Once the cartilage wears down, the damage causes pain that increases over time.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs due to the dysfunction of the immune system in the body. With this disease, the immune system attacks several joints in the body, including the knee joint. This will cause the knee joint to be painful and red.
  • Infective arthritis: In some cases, the knee joint will become infected and lead to pain and redness. In order to avoid damage to the knee cartilage and possibly cause serious complications, the disease needs to be overcome and treated promptly.


What is knee pain Causes and symptoms 3

Gout can cause joints to become red, swollen, and painful. The symptoms of gout increase the pain in the knee joints.
Gout is a disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid in the joints. These crystals are most concentrated in the soft tissue of the joints and cause pain, discomfort, swelling, redness and burning.

Some other risk factors
Besides the common causes above, knee pain can be the result of the following problems:
  • The body is obese, overweight: Once the body mass increases, the knee joint will have to bear significant pressure. Not only that, obesity and overweight will also increase the risk of osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis of the knee.
  • Knee joint lack of flexibility: Joints and muscles are closely connected to increase flexibility when moving. Therefore, if the knee joint lacks flexibility, it is more likely to develop muscle pain and increase the risk of injury.
  • Due to external trauma: Injuries from traffic accidents or playing sports will put stress on the knee joint and increase the pressure leading to knee pain.

In order not to affect your work and quality of life, when you have knee pain, take the initiative to treat it promptly and properly. Besides, you should build yourself suitable eating and living habits so that the medical condition is quickly relieved.

Note: The information in the article is for reference only, please contact your doctor, pharmacist or medical professional for specific advice.